Research in Malaysia

Recent research output from Malaysia (via PubMed). Updated automatically.

Related Articles

Electronic properties and gas adsorption behaviour of pristine, silicon-, and boron-doped (8, 0) single-walled carbon nanotube: A first principles study.

J Mol Graph Model. 2017 May 05;75:85-93

Authors: Azam MA, Alias FM, Tack LW, Seman RNAR, Taib MFM

Abstract
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have received enormous attention due to their fascinating properties to be used in various applications including electronics, sensing, energy storage and conversion. The first principles calculations within density functional theory (DFT) have been carried out in order to investigate the structural, electronic and optical properties of un-doped and doped CNT nanostructures. O2, CO2, and CH3OH have been chosen as gas molecules to study the adsorption properties based on zigzag (8,0) SWCNTs. The results demonstrate that the adsorption of O2, CO2, and CH3OH gas molecules on pristine, Si-doped and B-doped SWCNTs are either physisorption or chemisorption. Moreover, the electronic properties indicating SWCNT shows significant improvement toward gas adsorption which provides the impact of selecting the best gas sensor materials towards detecting gas molecule. Therefore, these pristine, Si-, and B-doped SWCNTs can be considered to be very good potential candidates for sensing application.

PMID: 28531817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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A bio-based, facile approach for the preparation of covalently functionalized carbon nanotubes aqueous suspensions and their potential as heat transfer fluids.

J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017 Mar 14;504:115-123

Authors: Sadri R, Hosseini M, Kazi SN, Bagheri S, Zubir N, Solangi KH, Zaharinie T, Badarudin A

Abstract
In this study, we propose an innovative, bio-based, environmentally friendly approach for the covalent functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes using clove buds. This approach is innovative because we do not use toxic and hazardous acids which are typically used in common carbon nanomaterial functionalization procedures. The MWCNTs are functionalized in one pot using a free radical grafting reaction. The clove-functionalized MWCNTs (CMWCNTs) are then dispersed in distilled water (DI water), producing a highly stable CMWCNT aqueous suspension. The CMWCNTs are characterized using Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The electrostatic interactions between the CMWCNT colloidal particles in DI water are verified via zeta potential measurements. UV-vis spectroscopy is also used to examine the stability of the CMWCNTs in the base fluid. The thermo-physical properties of the CMWCNT nano-fluids are examined experimentally and indeed, this nano-fluid shows remarkably improved thermo-physical properties, indicating its superb potential for various thermal applications.

PMID: 28531649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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Preliminary validation of the Malay Yale Food Addiction Scale: Factor structure and item analysis in an obese population.

Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2016 Dec;16:42-47

Authors: Swarna Nantha Y, Abd Patah NA, Ponnusamy Pillai M

Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Researchers suggest that the rise in obesity rates may be explained by the addictive properties of certain types of food. In view of the growing obesity epidemic in South-East Asia, there is a need for a psychometric tool to assess the concept of food addiction amongst high-risk populations. The objective of this study is to translate the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) into the Malay language and subsequently validate its use in an obese population.
METHODS: Between the year 2014 and 2015, a total of 250 obese adults were assessed for food addiction utilizing the Malay version of the YFAS at a primary care clinic. An assessment of the psychometric properties of the scale was performed to determine the factor structure, item statistics and internal consistency of the scale.
RESULTS: A one factorial structure of YFAS was confirmed in this study through factor analysis. All items except 4 (items 19, 22, 24 and 25) had factor loadings >0.42. The internal reliability (KR-20) coefficient of the one-factor solution was α = 0.76. The mean YFAS symptom count was M = 2.74 (SD = 1.57) with 10.4% (N = 26) of the participants received the diagnosis of food addiction.
CONCLUSIONS: The determination of construct validity and the identification of other latent variables in the Malay food addiction model is necessary prior to the formal utilization of the scale as a tool to detect addictive eating patterns in the community.

PMID: 28531454 [PubMed - in process]

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Current and Potential Developments of Cortisol Aptasensing towards Point-of-Care Diagnostics (POTC).

Sensors (Basel). 2017 May 22;17(5):

Authors: Zainol Abidin AS, Rahim RA, Md Arshad MK, Fatin Nabilah MF, Voon CH, Tang TH, Citartan M

Abstract
Anxiety is a psychological problem that often emerges during the normal course of human life. The detection of anxiety often involves a physical exam and a self-reporting questionnaire. However, these approaches have limitations, as the data might lack reliability and consistency upon application to the same population over time. Furthermore, there might be varying understanding and interpretations of the particular question by the participant, which necessitating the approach of using biomarker-based measurement for stress diagnosis. The most prominent biomarker related to stress, hormone cortisol, plays a key role in the fight-or-flight situation, alters the immune response, and suppresses the digestive and the reproductive systems. We have taken the endeavour to review the available aptamer-based biosensor (aptasensor) for cortisol detection. The potential point-of-care diagnostic strategies that could be harnessed for the aptasensing of cortisol were also envisaged.

PMID: 28531146 [PubMed - in process]

Related Articles

The Impact of Halloysite on the Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites.

Molecules. 2017 May 20;22(5):

Authors: Gaaz TS, Sulong AB, Kadhum AAH, Al-Amiery AA, Nassir MH, Jaaz AH

Abstract
Nanotubular clay minerals, composed of aluminosilicate naturally structured in layers known as halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), have a significant reinforcing impact on polymer matrixes. HNTs have broad applications in biomedical applications, the medicine sector, implant alloys with corrosion protection and manipulated transportation of medicines. In polymer engineering, different research studies utilize HNTs that exhibit a beneficial enhancement in the properties of polymer-based nanocomposites. The dispersion of HNTs is improved as a result of pre-treating HNTs with acids. The HNTs' percentage additive up to 7% shows the highest improvement of tensile strength. The degradation of the polymer can be also significantly improved by doping a low percentage of HNTs. Both the mechanical and thermal properties of polymers were remarkably improved when mixed with HNTs. The effects of HNTs on the mechanical and thermal properties of polymers, such as ultimate strength, elastic modulus, impact strength and thermal stability, are emphasized in this study.

PMID: 28531126 [PubMed - in process]

Related Articles

Fifteen new risk loci for coronary artery disease highlight arterial-wall-specific mechanisms.

Nat Genet. 2017 May 22;:

Authors: Howson JMM, Zhao W, Barnes DR, Ho WK, Young R, Paul DS, Waite LL, Freitag DF, Fauman EB, Salfati EL, Sun BB, Eicher JD, Johnson AD, Sheu WHH, Nielsen SF, Lin WY, Surendran P, Malarstig A, Wilk JB, Tybjærg-Hansen A, Rasmussen KL, Kamstrup PR, Deloukas P, Erdmann J, Kathiresan S, Samani NJ, Schunkert H, Watkins H, CARDIoGRAMplusC4D, Do R, Rader DJ, Johnson JA, Hazen SL, Quyyumi AA, Spertus JA, Pepine CJ, Franceschini N, Justice A, Reiner AP, Buyske S, Hindorff LA, Carty CL, North KE, Kooperberg C, Boerwinkle E, Young K, Graff M, Peters U, Absher D, Hsiung CA, Lee WJ, Taylor KD, Chen YH, Lee IT, Guo X, Chung RH, Hung YJ, Rotter JI, Juang JJ, Quertermous T, Wang TD, Rasheed A, Frossard P, Alam DS, Majumder AAS, Di Angelantonio E, Chowdhury R, EPIC-CVD, Chen YI, Nordestgaard BG, Assimes TL, Danesh J, Butterworth AS, Saleheen D

Abstract
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although 58 genomic regions have been associated with CAD thus far, most of the heritability is unexplained, indicating that additional susceptibility loci await identification. An efficient discovery strategy may be larger-scale evaluation of promising associations suggested by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Hence, we genotyped 56,309 participants using a targeted gene array derived from earlier GWAS results and performed meta-analysis of results with 194,427 participants previously genotyped, totaling 88,192 CAD cases and 162,544 controls. We identified 25 new SNP-CAD associations (P < 5 × 10(-8), in fixed-effects meta-analysis) from 15 genomic regions, including SNPs in or near genes involved in cellular adhesion, leukocyte migration and atherosclerosis (PECAM1, rs1867624), coagulation and inflammation (PROCR, rs867186 (p.Ser219Gly)) and vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation (LMOD1, rs2820315). Correlation of these regions with cell-type-specific gene expression and plasma protein levels sheds light on potential disease mechanisms.

PMID: 28530674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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In situ quantification of β-carotene partitioning in oil-in-water emulsions by confocal Raman microscopy.

Food Chem. 2017 Oct 15;233:197-203

Authors: Wan Mohamad WAF, Buckow R, Augustin M, McNaughton D

Abstract
Confocal Raman microscopy (CRM) was able to quantify the β-carotene concentration in oil droplets and determine the partitioning characteristics of β-carotene within the emulsion system in situ. The results were validated by a conventional method involving solvent extraction of β-carotene separately from the total emulsion as well as the aqueous phase separated by centrifugation, and quantification by absorption spectrophotometry. CRM also enabled the localization of β-carotene in an emulsion. From the Raman image, the β-carotene partitioning between the aqueous and oil phases of palm olein-in-water emulsions stabilized by whey protein isolate (WPI) was observed. Increasing the concentration of β-carotene in an emulsion (from 0.1 to 0.3g/kg emulsion) with a fixed gross composition (10% palm olein:2% WPI) decreased the concentration of β-carotene in the oil droplet. CRM is a powerful tool for in situ analyses of components in heterogeneous systems such as emulsions.

PMID: 28530566 [PubMed - in process]

Related Articles

Targeting Lung Cancer Stem Cells: Research and Clinical Impacts.

Front Oncol. 2017;7:80

Authors: Zakaria N, Satar NA, Abu Halim NH, Ngalim SH, Yusoff NM, Lin J, Yahaya BH

Abstract
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting for 1.8 million new cases and 1.6 million deaths in 2012. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which is one of two types of lung cancer, accounts for 85-90% of all lung cancers. Despite advances in therapy, lung cancer still remains a leading cause of death. Cancer relapse and dissemination after treatment indicates the existence of a niche of cancer cells that are not fully eradicated by current therapies. These chemoresistant populations of cancer cells are called cancer stem cells (CSCs) because they possess the self-renewal and differentiation capabilities similar to those of normal stem cells. Targeting the niche of CSCs in combination with chemotherapy might provide a promising strategy to eradicate these cells. Thus, understanding the characteristics of CSCs has become a focus of studies of NSCLC therapies.

PMID: 28529925 [PubMed - in process]

Related Articles

SMRT sequencing data for Garcinia mangostana L. variety Mesta.

Genom Data. 2017 Jun;12:134-135

Authors: Midin MR, Loke KK, Madon M, Nordin MS, Goh HH, Mohd Noor N

Abstract
The "Queen of Fruits" mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) produces commercially important fruits with desirable taste of flesh and pericarp rich in xanthones with medicinal properties. To date, only limited knowledge is available on the cytogenetics and genome sequences of a common variety of mangosteen (Abu Bakar et al., 2016 [1]). Here, we report the first single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing data from whole genome sequencing of mangosteen of Mesta variety. Raw reads of the SMRT sequencing project can be obtained from SRA database with the accession numbers SRX2718652 until SRX2718659.

PMID: 28529883 [PubMed - in process]

Related Articles

Transcriptomic data of Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyl upon suppression of expansin genes.

Genom Data. 2017 Jun;12:132-133

Authors: Ilias IA, Airianah OB, Baharum SN, Goh HH

Abstract
Expansin is a cell wall loosening protein without hydrolytic activity, which allows cell expansion by influencing cell wall extensibility. Previous studies showed that the suppression of expansin genes (EXPA1, EXPA3, EXPA5 and EXPA10) resulted in defective organ growth and altered cell wall chemical composition [1,2]. However, the molecular mechanism on how the suppression of non-enzymatic expansin expression can result in widespread effects on plant cell wall and organ growth is still unclear. In this study, we performed transcriptomic analysis on the hypocotyls of previously reported transgenic Arabidopsis line [1] to investigate the effects of expansin gene suppression on the global gene expression pattern, particularly on the cell wall related genes.

PMID: 28529882 [PubMed - in process]

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